As NATO finalized its cyber defense plans, Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg said the alliance would prepare to jointly respond to any attack on members in space.

Let’s take a look at today’s press release and NATO’s new draft ten-year strategy

Rym Momtaz, Senior Correspondent, France:

There is a lot more about China in today’s release compared to 2019 – it’s definitely a change. Turkey and its purchase of Russian military equipment are also of great concern.

Macron was forced to follow Biden’s lead on NATO’s pivot to China, even saying publicly: “NATO is a North Atlantic organization, China has nothing to do with it. ‘North Atlantic’. So, there is a lot of personal love between Macron and Biden, but a few battles too.

Alex Wickham, author of London Playbook:

There is a divide between European positions and the American line on China. Boris Johnson has said he does not want to start a new cold war against China, even though he is under enormous pressure to take a tougher line from the hawkish wing of his own Tory party. It will be fascinating to see if Biden succeeds in getting the UK to take a tougher line.

Hans von der Burchard, political reporters, Brussels:

Angela Merkel added her weight to the dove side of the argument. “I think it is very important, like what we do with Russia, to always offer a political discussion, a political speech, in order to find solutions”, with regard to China, a- she declared.

Did this summit give Biden a boost in his one-on-one with Putin?

Ryan Heath, author of Global Translations:

Yes. The communiqué leads with NATO’s commitment to unity. NATO allies also endorsed the weekend’s G-7 communiqué, meaning there is literal alignment between the two groups as they organize to push back the autocrats. That’s all Biden could ask for.

Nahal Toosi, Foreign Affairs Correspondent:

Sure. Anytime you can rally your allies to most of your priorities, even if that’s rhetoric for now, you’ve strengthened your relationship with an opponent. But I have to ask myself a couple of things: First, what if Trump (or someone like Trump) runs and wins in 2024? So what are these NATO allies doing who praise Biden? Second, Putin intends to stay in power after Biden and these other NATO leaders. How does this affect his calculation?

Momtaz: Absolutely, yes, Biden got that boost. It’s really very interesting the new ways in which the G-7 and NATO overlap. Today, NATO allies have even agreed to keep their military carbon emissions in check, which is a direct overlap between the climate-prioritizing G-7 and today’s defense goal.

Lili Bayer, political correspondent, Brussels:

Biden has rock solid support from the Baltics, which is not surprising. After the leaders of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania meet with Biden, Lithuanian President Gitanas NausÄ—da tweeted: “In times of turbulence, democracies must stick together” adding that NATO members “agreed to strengthen” NATO’s presence on the eastern flank of the alliance, as well as its support for Ukraine and Georgia. “The American presence in the Baltic countries is crucial for the security of the whole alliance,” he said.

What happened to national defense and NATO funding?

Introduction to how NATO funding works

David Herszenhorn, chief correspondent in Brussels:

Today’s summit is a huge salary for Stoltenberg and the whole team working here at NATO HQ. The leaders pledge to increase the three pillars of the alliance’s common funding, that is, the portion of the budget that goes to central operations, which is around $ 2.5 billion a year today. hui. This is only 0.3% of total Allied defense spending, and it was not clear that the budget would be increased. Biden’s support made a crucial difference.

Momtaz: France is back in the NATO central command system, but was genuinely unhappy with Stoltenberg’s NATO joint spending proposal. France had to concede the point, so Stoltenberg got what he wanted. French Defense Minister Florence Parly told me that France’s concern is not the idea in itself, it is that NATO is not in a position to tell Paris what it is going for. spend money.

Annabelle Dickson, political correspondent, London:

Tobias Ellwood, chairman of the British Parliament’s defense committee, proposes that the UK cut defense spending from 2.29% to 3% of GDP, well above the famous 2% target that most of NATO members still fail.

Lara Seligman, Defense Correspondent, Washington:

NATO leaders pledged to continue providing training and financial support to the Afghan security forces. The announcement ends speculation about what will happen to NATO’s training mission in Afghanistan once US and NATO forces leave the country by September. Pentagon officials said the United States was ending its own training program after the withdrawal, although Washington would continue to fund Afghan forces.

Something remarkable about meetings and side events?

Heather: Turkish President Recep Tayyip ErdoÄŸan has tried to minimize tensions between Ankara and its NATO allies today. He called his interview with Biden “fruitful and sincere,” despite significant differences of opinion, and invited Biden to Turkey. It is important to note here that Turkey has not changed its position on the purchase of Russian S-400 surface-to-air missile systems, which had been a major concern for NATO allies. After speaking with Greek Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis, ErdoÄŸan said he was seeking to calm relations between the two countries and “will support a positive agenda” after a period of growing tension. Angela Merkel promotes rewarding more cooperative Ankara behavior in the Eastern Mediterranean with advantages such as a modernization of the EU-Turkey customs union.

Dickson: Boris Johnson was once again unable to escape Brexit. The protocol for managing the Northern Irish border was on the agenda of Johnson’s meeting with Spanish Prime Minister Pedro Sánchez.

Momtaz: Speaking of Brexit, Emmanuel Macron clarified his comments on Brexit from the G-7 summit, assuring that he would never question the sovereignty of the United Kingdom over his territory.

Thank you for joining us for the NATO summit – tomorrow we will move to the EU-US summit.

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