ANKARA:

The number of nuclear warheads around the world has declined since last year but the nuclear arms race is far from slowing down, according to a Japanese university survey released Thursday.

The Nagasaki University Research Center for the Abolition of Nuclear Weapons found that there were around 13,130 nuclear warheads in possession of nine countries as of June of this year, 280 fewer than in June 2020, Kyodo News reported.

The total figure includes those stored in non-military facilities for dismantling, according to the report.

The decline in numbers was due only to “efforts to reduce and modernize arsenals” and “does not suggest a slowing of the nuclear arms race, as warheads in military stocks have not declined in all nine states nuclear, ”said the research center.

He said the number of warheads in global military stocks has risen to 9,615 from around 9,346, with Russia and the United States accounting for 86 percent of the weapons.

“The nuclear arms race resumes between the United States and Russia, as tensions and three-way conflicts, including China, continue,” the report said.

Russia has the most nuclear warheads with 6,260, followed by the United States with 5,550, China 350, France 290, Britain 225, Pakistan 165, India 160 , Israel 90 and North Korea 40, according to the survey.

Figures from the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) show that the nine nuclear-weapon countries had “around 13,080 nuclear weapons at the start of 2021”.

“This marked a decrease from the 13,400 these states had at the start of 2020,” SIPRI said in a report last month.

He said the estimated number of nuclear weapons currently deployed with task forces rose to 3,825 this year, from 3,720 in 2020.



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