In the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir, the Pahari community unquestionably upholds social harmony and unity in diversity, besides having a similar rich culture and civilization. J&K’s Pahari community is an Aboriginal community, being backward people who lived in the highlands. Displaced persons from Pakistan-occupied Jammu and Kashmir are also members of the Pahari community who lost their identity as a result of resettlement and Pakistan’s first offensive against India, particularly in the territories of Jammu and Kashmir, who have illegally and forcibly taken parts of the districts of Jammu and Kashmir since 1947. Due to a number of factors, the Hindu-Sikh population of Pahari, in particular, has remained relatively lagging behind since the mass displacement of 1947 Despite the need for such research, no in-depth study of these destitute people has been carried out. Know their socio-economic status, common ethnic characteristics, history, anthropology, ethnic identification, customs, traditions, location, level of literacy, access to communication, periodic migrations, employment, their economy and social backwardness was vital.
The efforts of the central government cannot be denied, and they have been sincere in their efforts to address the various challenges and problems facing different segments of society, as well as the problems and problems currently facing various ethnic groups in Jammu. -and-Kashmir. While the government is particularly concerned about the Pahari tribe in Jammu and Kashmir, the actual and original stakeholders are the 1947 POJK IDPs who now reside in Jammu and Kashmir as well as other parts of the country of Jammu -and-Kashmir occupied by Pakistan. neighborhoods of Kashmir. Jammu and Kashmir’s regional parties and their leaders in the former state of Jammu and Kashmir failed to protect the ethnic identity of the vast majority of society, which is particularly linked to the 1947 uprooting .
People who have been uprooted from the Pakistani-occupied regions of Jammu and Kashmir are not only ignored by the rulers of Kashmir, but they also face a multitude of difficulties and problems due to their lack of protection.Residents of Jammu and Kashmir who were expelled from the Pakistan occupied territory expressed concern over sincere demands and appeals for the security of the ethnic identities of those who were displaced in the 1947 displacement, but in vain. The central government must take the 1947 POJK IDPs into account when assigning the tribe status of the annex of the Pahari tribe. We have high hopes that the central leadership is sincere in its efforts to address the many problems and difficulties that various socio-economic groups are currently facing, and the displaced persons from Pakistan-occupied Jammu and Kashmir are among those who are still searching for their lost identity. If the displaced people of Pakistan-occupied Jammu and Kashmir are excluded from the Pahari tribe while granting the Pahari tribe the status of annex tribe, future generations will suffer much more. In April 2020, the Union Territory Administration amended the reservation rules of 2005 and also directed them to add new clauses, including a 4% reservation for people from the Pahari community. In rule-2 part (a) after clause (xi), a new clause (xii) was added which clearly mentioned that Pahari speaking people (PSP) means people belonging to the community, clan or clan. Pahari tribe with distinct cultural, ethnic identity. , and linguistic identity to be identified in such manner as may be prescribed and by such authority as may be designated by the Government in respect thereto. In Article 21, after paragraph (viii), paragraph (ix) was added, which clearly mentioned that the Tehsildar shall be the authority to certify the claims of persons belonging to the said category, and a person claiming the benefits of this category must be a member of a Pahari clan, community or tribe with a distinct cultural, ethnic and linguistic identity, and their native language must be Pahari.
In addition to this, they have to produce an Aadhar card, voter ID card or domiciliation certificate to avail the benefits of this category. Although they all share these traits, the majority of IDPs in Pakistan-occupied Jammu and Kashmir have not received Pahari certificates, which has discouraged them. The Union Territories administration is in the best position to explain why such certificates cannot be issued. , as was the case in the former state of Jammu and Kashmir. Living a normal lifestyle in a developed city is no reason to give up the perks that come with being on schedule category lists. One of the most closely protected aspects of the constitution is the right to one’s own identity, but in the case of displaced people from Pakistan-occupied Jammu and Kashmir, the dispersed population has gradually lost this right over time. , and successive governments, both in the former state of Jammu and Kashmir and in the Centre, failed to protect it.
Although they belong to the Pahari tribe, they were forcibly relocated and made their home in many towns across the country including Jammu province. When creating annex tribe status for this unique ethnic group, how can they lose the ethnic essence of the Pahari tribe? The aforementioned IDPs should be included in the category of Scheduled Tribes until they qualify for the 4% reservation that the Pahari community has already granted by the Union Territory Administration. In order to address the long-standing grievances of these displaced members of the Pahari tribe, the central government should direct the administration of the union territory to look into the matter thoroughly by forming a commission to look into the various angles and submit a report to the central government.
(The author is a lawyer)