“Some non-nuclear states have historically opposed the resolution in response to India which tested nuclear weapons and became a nuclear weapon state in 1998. India can and must do more to bring countries to reconsider their opposition, especially in light of the Taliban takeover. Afghanistan which has already led to the rise of Indo-Pakistani tensions.

“While there are enough experts predicting that the Taliban and Pakistan will form the most volatile bedfellows, it is undeniable that the region’s power dynamics have been drastically and drastically altered. A change that took everyone by surprise only shows that nothing can be excluded. So talking about Pakistan’s nuclear stock falling into the hands of the Taliban is not as far-fetched as one might imagine.

By Priyanka Khanna

The predictable Indo-Pakistani rhetoric at the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) in New York and the accusations that fly right and left during the ongoing 48th session of the Human Rights Council (UNHRC) in Geneva overshadow latent concern over what will happen to Pakistan’s growing nuclear arsenal.

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi has repeatedly raised doubts about Pakistan’s intentions
(Photography / Jay Mandal – on mission)
Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan is impassive (Photo / Jay Mandal – on mission)

The 140 to 150 nuclear warheads currently stored in Pakistan’s central storage facilities in its southern regions remain outside the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) and the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT).

With the takeover of Afghanistan by the Taliban and their good friendship with Pakistan, especially its intelligence services, it is particularly worrying that Pakistan is the only country to block the negotiations of the Fissile Material Stop Treaty ( FMCT).

While there are enough experts predicting that the Taliban and Pakistan will form the most volatile bedfellows, it is undeniable that the region’s power dynamics have been drastically and drastically altered. A change that took everyone by surprise only shows that nothing can be excluded. So talking about Pakistan’s nuclear stock falling into the hands of the Taliban is not as far-fetched as one might imagine.

The UN is not doing enough to push Pakistan to undertake disarmament. (Photography / Jay Mandal – on mission)

Which brings us to the question of why the UN is not doing enough to push Pakistan to undertake disarmament. In fact, according to the advocacy group – Unfold Zero – the UNGA has not even been able to come together on nuclear disarmament resolutions. At the last UN meeting on nuclear disarmament, nuclear risk reduction was perhaps the only measure countries could unite.

A resolution reducing nuclear danger presented by India received 127 votes for (mainly non-aligned countries). He has failed to gain support from countries with nuclear weapons or from European countries, mainly because he calls for nuclear risk reduction measures only from China, France, Russia, the UK and the US – excluding other nuclear weapon states – India, Pakistan, DPRK and Israel, according to unfoldzero.org.

A resolution on Decreased Operational Readiness of Nuclear Weapon Systems presented by a group of non-nuclear countries was much more successful, garnering 173 votes in favor, including most NATO countries and four nuclear weapon states (China, DPRK, India, Pakistan).

A resolution on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons Treaty (TPNW) was supported by 122 countries. This is more than the number of those who signed the Treaty, which is 68 (with 19 of those countries having now ratified it). The vote indicates that more signatures are likely. However, the resolution was not supported by any of the nuclear-weapon countries, nor any of the countries with nuclear deterrence relationships, i.e. NATO, Australia, Japan, Korea. from South. The opposition of nuclear-weapon and allied states to the resolution is another indication that they have no intention of joining the new treaty. In general, this means that they will not be bound by the obligations of the treaty. However, the customary law against the use of nuclear weapons that is reaffirmed by the treaty will apply to all states, whether or not they accede to it.

Indian Foreign Minister expressed India’s concern over Pakistan’s stockpile of nuclear weapons around the world, including United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres. (Photography / Jay Mandal – on mission)

A resolution on the ban on the use of nuclear weapons introduced by India received 120 votes in favor, including from India and three other nuclear weapon states (China, DPRK and Pakistan ). Some non-nuclear states have historically opposed the resolution in response to India’s nuclear weapons tests and its accession to nuclear weapons in 1998. India can and must do more to get countries to reconsider their nuclear weapons. opposition, in particular in light of the takeover of Afghanistan by the Taliban which has already led to the rise in Indo-Pakistani tensions.

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